Genesis 25: 19-34
I love the Godly Play story of Abraham because it tells the whole sweep of the story, but also talks about our place in that story.
When we’re reading any of the historical stoires of the Old Testament – the Hebrew scriptures, we can read them as accounts which explain for us something of the history of God’s people but they are also stories which help us see what it means for us each to be a part of that people of God.
So in reading or hearing the story of Jacob and Esau, we can read it for what it says to us about their walk with God – and what this means for our walk with God.
The United Reformed Church has resolved to spend the next few years focusing on “Walking the Way” – asking how we can learn how to follow Jesus more closely and so do God’s will more faithfully in our lives.
What do Jacob and Esau have to teach us about this?
Thomas Merton, a Trappist monk & writer of 20th century, wrote this:
“My Lord God, I have no idea where I am going. I do not see the road ahead of me. I cannot know for certain where it will end. Nor do I really know myself, and the fact that I think that I am following your will does not mean that I am actually doing so. But I believe that the desire to please you does in fact please you. And I hope I have that desire in all that I am doing. I hope that I will never do anything apart from that desire. And I know that if I do this you will lead me by the right road though I may know nothing about it. Therefore will I trust you always, though I may seem to be lost and in the shadow of death. I will not fear, for you are ever with me, and you will never leave me to face my perils alone.”
How can we try to walk the way God wills for us and how can we gain God’s blessing in our lives?
Jacob – teaches us to cheat, lie, deceive, run away, hide, fight, eventually give up and through yourself on God’s mercy.
In this story of Jacob and Esau the terrible surprise is that God blesses Jacob, not Esau.
So what did Esau do wrong? Maybe it was that he didn’t care – he didn’t ‘desire to do God’s will’.
Some Jewish rabbis teach that Esau’s first mistake is to go out hunting at all.
Jacob is cooking a lentil stew (“mess of Pottage” in King James’ version) – traditional dish cooked when people are in mourning – partly because it is cooked with store cupboard type ingredients – lentils, onions, spices – and partly because there is a Jewish tradition of giving grieving people ‘round’ food, to remind them of the circle of life, and lentils are round. Fairly tasteless, but round. There is therefore a theory that Jacob was cooking the stew because Isaac, his father was still mourning Abraham, his grandfather.
So Esau is breaking his time of mourning by going hunting – and then arrives home “starving” and wants to eat.
Of course Jacob is being manipulative in offering the stew in return for Esau’s birthright – but Esau didn’t have to agree the deal – he clearly thinks so little of his birthright – or maybe be thinks that Jacob won’t be able to see the deal through – that he agrees. Esau doesn’t care.
And whatever you might think about Jacob – he cares about the birthright. He cares enough to force through this deal, and he cares enough about his father’s blessing that he later tricks him with another stew.
So Jacob – who cares, but is, to say the least, sneaky, is blessed by God and becomes known as Israel, and is the father of God’s chosen people.
But Esau, who doesn’t care, loses his rights as first-born and becomes the Father of the Edomites, who are for may generations treated as slaves by the people of Israel.
And it may be that the first tellers of the tale of Esau and Jacob also wanted us to know that Esau didn’t care about God, either.
After the Temple had been built by Solomon, the first born son of every family of the people of Israel had the responsibility to serve in the Temple. Listeners might have been particularly shocked that Esau sold his rights as first-born, not only because of the financial implications, but also because of a ducking out of religious duties.
Esau didn’t care about his rights as first-born, he didn’t care about mourning the dead, he didn’t care about religious duty, he didn’t care about God.
Meanwhile Jacob did care, and though he was, to say the least, a scoundrel, he gains God’s blessing.
I think there is some tremendously good news for us here.
I don’t know how you feel to be doing this week as a follower of Jesus.
I’ve had the usual sort of week…
I haven’t prayed enough, or given enough time to reading the Bible. I have been ‘sharp’ with some people – even lost my temper and had a little rant at times, and I certainly have had thoughts about throttling some people, even if I haven’t actually gone through with it. I have probably missed chances to be more kind and loving because I’ve been too wrapped up in myself…. I could go on.
I am a very inadequate disciple of Jesus, and in part I’m here worshipping God this morning because I need to ask for forgiveness and a fresh start.
This story of Esau and Jacob gives me hope that God can still forgive me and reshape me and use me in the kingdom. As Thomas Merton says, I believe that when I come to God “the desire to please you does in fact please you”. I am a very inadequate disciple of Jesus – but I care and I’m trying.
And this offer of bread and wine on the table can seal the deal.
It’s not a deal like the one Jacob makes with Esau ‘this stew for your birthright” – God does not ask for my independence in return for this food.
It’s not a trick like the stew Jacob gives Isaac, to convince him that he is actually talking to Esau – we are not trying to set this table and convince God we are something we’re not.
This meal is a gracious gift from God, in fact it celebrates the grace of God in giving us the gift of God’s very self – made flesh and blood and dying and living for us.
Being an inadequate follower of Jesus is enough – because Jesus comes to meet us at this table and feeds us with himself, so that we can be strengthened to follow more closely in the future.
So come and eat and drink this sacrament to your comfort – and find here the grace of God, as it was offered even to Jacob, offered for you.
In the name of Jesus our Saviour. Amen.
Saturday, 24 June 2017
Genesis 21: 8-21
I wonder if you’re still watching or listening to the News? Sometimes it just seems as if there is so much bad news, one thing after another, I have great sympathy with people who say they are having a rest and not keeping up for a while – they just can’t bear any more.
And yet, we who say we believe in a loving God surely need to watch and listen and hope and pray – and ask ‘where is the love of God in all this?’.
In just the last two weeks we have had the attack on London Bridge, the Grenfell tower fire, the attack on Finsbury Park mosque, and continuing terrible news of the ongoing war in Syria, as well as violence in Pakistan.
That some of this violence happens in the name of God is especially appalling.
But I really believe our reading from the Hebrew scriptures today can help us.
I expect we are very familiar with the story of Abraham and Sarah and their son Isaac; but today we heard the story of another son of Abraham – his older son Ishmael, born to Sarah’s slave-girl, Hagar.
If we read back to chapter 16 of the book of Genesis, it was Sarah’s idea that because she hadn’t been able to give Abraham children, he should have children via her slave. Once Hagar was pregnant, Sarah felt she was looking down on her mistress, and (with Abraham’s agreement) she was harsh to Hagar, and Hagar ran away.
While Hagar was pregnant and in the wilderness an angel came & told her to return to Sarah with God’s blessing. Hagar was told to name her son Ishmael – which mean ‘God will hear’.
Hagar returns, the boy is born, and he is called ‘Ishmael’ – God will hear.
And so Ishmael – God will hear – could be the title of the story we heard today.
Once again Sarah is displeased – this time seeing the older of Abraham’s sons, Ishmael, playing with her son – the younger boy, Isaac. Again Sarah & Abraham don’t care about Hagar, and again she ends up in the wilderness – this time cast out, with the container of water having run dry. Our hearts go out to Hagar as she realizes her son is near to death – and she lays him in the shade and goes a distance away to sob, as she can’t bear to see him die.
But God will hear – hear not only her cries, but the story says ‘God heard the child crying’ and an angel of the Lord comes and shows Hagar where there is a well to revive them both.
Ishmael – God will hear.
God hears Hagar & Ishmael and cares for them, just as he will care for Sarah and Isaac.
God will hear the one who is cast out, who is a slave, who is not the favoured one.
Perhaps the news in our time would be different if people would recognise that God blesses all of the children of Abraham. God blesses Isaac, through whom the ‘chosen people’ of Israel would emerge, whom we would call Jewish; and God blesses Ishmael, through whom the people of the Arabian desert, many of whom will later become Muslim, will emerge. And as for those of us who call ourselves Christian, we too are children of Abraham, through the lineage of Jesus.
Our story tells us that God will hear – hear the Jew, hear the Muslim, hear the Christian. And nothing in this story suggests that God will not hear any other person besides – he is the God who will hear. He will hear the slightest whimper of a dying boy, and he will hear each sparrow fall to the ground, says Jesus.
Frederick Buechner, the American writer and theologian, who is a Presbyterian minister, has said of the story of Hagar and Ishmael:
“it is the story of how in the midst of the whole unseemly affair the Lord, half tipsy with compassion, went around making marvelous promises and loving everybody and creating great nations like the last of the big-time spenders handing out hundred-dollar bills.”
This is a story about the great mercy and compassion of the God who will hear, who will bless and who will walk with all people.
Ishmael’s story ends with “God was with the child as he grew up”, and in the very next part of this chapter of Genesis, it is said to Abraham “God is with you in all you do”.
This is close to scandalous – God will hear Ishmael, and will protect him against the evil, callous plans of Sarah & Abraham; God is with Ishmael. This makes some sense – a God who helps the helpless.
But then God is with Abraham, the perpetrator of evil, the callous father of this poor boy – God will hear him, too. What a shocking story this is – God does not take sides in this battle between Ishmael & Isaac, the sons of Abraham and the sons of Hagar and Sarah. There is not a difference between one race, who God will hear and protect, and the other race - those whom God will ignore.
Ishmael – God will hear – and he is listening to the cries of all humanity.
This is the news of a God of love which really could change our world, for here is not only justice for the oppressed, but mercy for the perpetrators.
On the 26th of May this year, terrorists attacked a bus of Coptic Christians in Cairo, and shot and killed 28 people. You might know that the Coptic church, originating in Egypt, is one of the oldest Christian traditions in the world.
Bishop Angaelos of the UK Coptic church, was asked if he had a statement to make about the so-called Islamic terrorists, and these were his words
“You are loved. The violent and deadly crimes you perpetrate are abhorrent and detestable, but you ARE loved.”
It seems barely credible, but the promise of Ishmael is that God hears and loves those who show violence and hatred – even while he stands alongside the victim and the injured.
What would this message of love mean for the driver of the van at Finsbury Park mosque, for the people who should have ensured the safety of the residents of Grenfell towers, for people who plan knife attacks on innocent people going about their ordinary lives…?
Ishmael – God will hear.
God is with you.
You are loved.
And as for us – Ishmael – God will hear. God will hear us when we are confused, or despairing, and when then news all seems bad.
And God will use us to share his good news with the world, if we will let him – you are heard, you are blessed, you are loved.
In the name of God – all merciful, and ever-loving,
Saturday, 17 June 2017
Genesis 18:1-15, 21:1-7, Matthew 9:35-10:8
It is good to be here today, to help you to celebrate your 100th anniversary as a United Church.
As we were thinking about some of the events of 100 years ago in the all age talk, earlier, you may have been wondering how different the world of 100 years ago really was to our world today.
At a time of violence and uncertainty and upheaval – during the first World War – people had to make a decision to act in faith, with hope for the future, to bring good news to the people around them by forming this church.
I see from the website that your strapline today is “Knowing and showing the grace of God” – and in our world of continuing violence and uncertainty and upheaval you, too, need to act in faith and reach out in hope.
Abraham is something of a by-word for faith. Yet in the reading we heard, we arrive at a bit of a crunch point for Abraham.
He has travelled, at God’s bidding, from Ur of the Chaldees to Haran and then out into the desert, towards Canaan. Throughout his travels God has spoken to him and promised to be with him wherever he goes, and to bless him with many children. Now here he is at the Oaks of Mamre and he sees three strange visitors.
He could, perhaps, have let them walk by and the story might end right there. He could have given them basic hospitality, as any desert-dweller would in the heat of the day: and that’s what he says he is offering – water to wash their feet, rest in the shade, a little bread … But in fact Abraham goes over the top – he orders Sarah to take three measures of flour and bake cakes – that’s enough for about 200 pitta sized ‘cakes’; he gets a servant to kill a calf, he serves the visitors himself and he stands by as they eat.
Abraham offers his whole attention, and in return he is offered news of a great blessing. Sarah will, at last, have a child. And she laughs in disbelief – but later laughs with joy and names her son ‘laughter’ – Isaac.
I wonder if this story makes you smile rather wryly – if God is so ready to bless Sarah, who was thought to be past the age for bearing children, why could God not bless us more here in Wells, with more people, better ideas, a new chapter of life?
Have we let God just slide past us somewhere and not opened our ‘tent’ to him, or have we not done enough to entertain the God-given presence in our midst?
If God is blessing us to know and show his grace, what will that mean for the people around us, especially for a fearful and hurting world? How can we offer good news to those around us?
The other reading we heard was Jesus proclaiming the kingdom of God and then sending out the twelve apostles to do the same.
“Go, proclaim the good news, ‘The kingdom of heaven has come near.’ Cure the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons.”.
Jesus doesn’t offer his disciples a comfortable life, a place to rest and call their own, he wanders this earth and tells them to do the same – so that all people may hear the gospel, the good news of God’s kingdom. Jesus sends them out, and later when they return he teaches them using parables.
Remember Sarah’s three measures of flour, which she takes to make bread to welcome the angel of the Lord?
Jesus tells his disciples this parable.
“The kingdom of heaven is like a woman who takes three measures of flour – and hides in it some yeast, which leavens the whole of the batch”.
The kingdom of heaven is like this, says Jesus – like yeast, working in secret to make the whole loaf good.
Here is my yeast - safe in its tub – lid securely on, nice and dry and usually kept safely in my cupboard. Keep the plastic cap secured tightly, say the instructions on the tin.
It also says on here ‘making you a better baker’ – but not if I keep it in the tin it isn’t. While it’s safe & contained it can’t do a thing, Jesus says – it needs to go out, to be mixed in, to be hidden and dispersed if it’s going to do its work.
As we celebrate today it might be tempting to pat ourselves on the back for surviving for 100 years as a united church, let alone for making a difference to the lives of people in Wells.
This place, this ‘tin’ has served you well and you are right to celebrate.
But this celebration is also about asking where Jesus is sending you. You need to be taking good news into a world which desperately needs it. I don’t know where you’ll end up doing that, for the sake of the kingdom, but I pray that wherever you are you will be yeast, lightening the world around you, making a difference for the kingdom, changing in God’s hands so that you will all be better witnesses of the God you have known here.
When Abraham was in Canaan, south of Haran, he kept meeting God, hearing God’s voice, recognizing God’s presence. He took stones and made altars to show that God was there, at Shechem, at Bethel, and at Mamre.
God was in every place he went: God was everywhere.
God is in this place: you have known it and felt it and celebrated it week by week over many years, and I pray you will continue to do so for many more years.
But do not doubt that God is waiting for you everywhere else in this wide world – and know that the love of God the Father, the Son & the Holy Spirit will be with you, today and always, here and everywhere, now and forever.
Go and share the good news of God’s love
Go and be good news for your community
In Jesus’ name.